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Accessing another model's attributes

model controller has_one belongs_to filter

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#1 Aida



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  • LocationSarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Posted 11 February 2017 - 07:01 PM

Hi :) 


I'm new to Rails. I'm trying to make an app where students can login in and signup for the exam. I have a problem filtering data, where a student can only see exams which belong to her/his year and department. 


Subject has the following columns:

    t.string  "name"
    t.integer "ects"
    t.integer "year"
    t.integer "professor_id" (foreign key which relates it to professor). 
Its relationship with exam: 
has_one :exam 
Exam has the following columns:
    t.date    "start_date"
    t.string  "department"
    t.integer "professor_id"
    t.integer "subject_id"  
Its relationship with exam: 
 belongs_to :subject 
User has attributes year (year of study) and department. The problem is that exam only has depatment, but it doesn't have year. 
I have made this in exam.rb 
scope :department, -> (department) { where('department == ?', department) }
scope :year, -> (year) { where('subject.year == ?', year) } 
Then I called these methods in exams controller (index action) and passed the data:
 @exams = Exam.department(current_user.department) && Exam.year(current_user.year)
There is a problem with a scope year, it doesn't recognize subject. When I try to access the list of exams it says this: 
SQLite3::SQLException: no such column: subject.year: SELECT "exams".* FROM "exams" WHERE (subject.year == 2)
But when I include subject_id:  scope :year, -> (year) { where('Subject.find(:subject_id).year == ?', year) }
It says there is a syntax error: SQLite3::SQLException: near "(": syntax error: SELECT "exams".* FROM "exams" WHERE (Subject.find(:subject_id).year == 2). 
I have tried accessing subject attributes by using delegate and to_params, but it didn't help. I've been googling this issue for more than 10 days, but I haven't been able to find a solution. 
I appreciate any kind of help. Thank in advance :) 



Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: model, controller, has_one, belongs_to, filter

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